Pre-menarche

What is Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) Infection? HPV infection is a common viral infection that causes growths (warts) on the skin or mucous membranes (inner lining of a body cavity e.g. vagina or gut). There are over 100 different types…

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Menarche

Dysmenorrhoea or painful periods Dysmenorrhea is throbbing or cramping pains in the lower abdomen just before and/or during menstruation. It is very common, with more than half of women who menstruate having some pain for 1–2 days each month. 2…

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Heavy Menstrual Bleeding

Heavy menstrual bleeding (also called menorrhagia) is excessive menstrual bleeding occurring at regular intervals or prolonged menstrual bleeding lasting more than seven days. 1 Menorrhagia can often interfere with your usual daily activities due to excessive bleeding and cramping. 2…

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Sexual Health

What is contraception? Contraception (birth control) prevents pregnancy by interfering with the normal process of ovulation (release of an egg by the ovary), fertilisation and implantation of the egg. 1 According to the Sexual Offences Act, 2 the legal age…

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Mammogram

Breast Health

Screening for Breast cancer Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women in South Africa. It is estimated that one in every twenty-nine South African women will develop breast cancer in their lifetime. 1 Studies have shown that it is possible…

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Postmenopausal

What is menopause? Menopause occurs when a woman’s ovaries stop producing a hormone called oestrogen, resulting in the end of her menstrual periods. It's diagnosed after you've gone 12 months without a menstrual period. 1,2 Menopause is a natural biological…

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What is Osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis is a condition in which the bones become thin, brittle and weak. It leads to an increased risk of fractures (broken bones) especially of the spine, wrist, hip, pelvis and upper arms. 1-3 Sometimes a minor fall or even…

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