Colds And Flus: Myth or Fact TestStep 1 of 812%1. You can catch a cold from the cold!MythFactWell done! Colds are caused by viruses and not from being cold. However, more colds do occur in the colder seasons (autumn and winter) as:People stay more indoors and are in closer proximity to each otherLow humidity (low moisture in the air) associated with colder seasons causes dry nasal passages, which are easier for cold viruses to attach toMany cold viruses thrive in low humidity conditionsIncorrect!References: 1. John Hopkins Medicine Health Library. Common Cold. [online] [cited 2018 Mar 22]. Available from: URL: http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/healthlibrary/test_procedures/urology/common_cold_85,P00620/#.WRAoWaPVQnk.evernote. 2. Starve a fever, feed a coldMythFactThis is part myth and part truth! The saying should be “Feed a fever, feed a cold”. When your body fights an illness it needs energy, so eating healthy food is helpful. Fevers are part of your body’s way of fighting a virus and the increased body temperature raises your energy demand. For this reason, taking in calories is important. It is even more important to stay hydrated, so make sure you are taking in plenty of fluids. 2Not a fact. This old wives’ tale has not been proven. 1,2References: 1. van den Brink GR, van den Boogaardt DEM, van Deventer SJH, Peppelenbosch MP. Feed a Cold, Starve a Fever? Clin Diagn Lab Immunol 2002;9(1):182-183. 2. Fischetti M. Fact or Fiction? Feed a Cold, Starve a Fever. [online] 2014 Jan 3 [cited 2018 Mar 26]. Available from: URL: https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/fact-or-fiction-feed-a-cold/. 3. Eat chicken soupMythFactSorry, try againWell done! Chicken soup doesn’t possess any magic ingredients, but it contains many benefits when you have a cold:Contains calories to give you energy to fight the cold virus. 1,2The liquid in the soup will help to keep you hydrated – this is important to help your body fight the infection and to keep your mucus runny (hard mucus is difficult to get rid of!). 1,2Inhaling the warm moisture rising from a bowl of soup can also moisten and loosen dried mucus, making it easier to cough up or blow out. 1,3May contain ingredients that have anti-inflammatory properties – this may decrease symptoms of a cold related to increased inflammation. 2References: 1. Fischetti M. Fact or Fiction? Feed a Cold, Starve a Fever. [online] 2014 Jan 3 [cited 2018 Mar 26]. Available from: URL: https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/fact-or-fiction-feed-a-cold/. 2. Rennard BO, Ertl RF, Gossman GL, Robbins RA, Rennard RI. Chicken Soup Inhibits Neutrophil Chemotaxis In Vitro. Chest 2000; 118:1150-1157. 3. Saketkhoo K, Januszkiewicz A, Sackner MA. Effects of Drinking Hot Water, Cold Water, and Chicken Soup on Nasal Mucus Velocity and Nasal Airflow Resistance. Chest 1978;74(4): 408-410. 4. Drinking milk produces more mucusMythFactYou are correct! Studies have proven that the intake of milk and dairy products does not cause an increase in mucus production, nasal congestion and cough in patients who are infected with the common cold virus.Incorrect.References: Pinnock CB, Graham NM, Mylvaganam A, Douglas RM. Relationship between milk intake and mucus production in adult volunteers challenged with rhinovirus-2. Am Rev Respir Dis 1990;141(2):352-356. 5. The flu vaccine cannot give you the fluMythFactLuckily, this is not the correct answer.You are right! The flu vaccine cannot cause a cold or the flu. The flu vaccine either contains:Inactivated flu viruses, which are not infectious orNo flu vaccine at all (recombinant influenza vaccine). The most common side effects from the flu vaccine are soreness, redness, tenderness or swelling at the injection site. Low-grade fever, headache and muscle aches may also occur.References: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Misconceptions about Seasonal Flu and Flu Vaccines. [online] 2017 Oct 3 [cited 2018 Mar 26]. Available from: URL: https://www.cdc.gov/flu/about/qa/misconceptions.htm. 6. Sweat it outMythFactWell done! There is no evidence to suggest that sitting in a sauna will kill the cold virus or decrease the severity and duration of the common cold. 1 Beware of becoming dehydrated as this can make your symptoms worse by drying up the mucus in your nose, throat and chest. 2IncorrectReferences: 1. Pach D Knöchel B, Lüdtke R, Wruck K, Willich SN, Witt CM. Visiting a sauna: does inhaling hot dry air reduce common cold symptoms? A randomised controlled trial. MJA 2010;193(11/12):730-734. 2. Fischetti M. Fact or Fiction? Feed a Cold, Starve a Fever. [online] 2014 Jan 3 [cited 2018 Mar 26]. Available from: URL: https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/fact-or-fiction-feed-a-cold/. 7. You can catch a cold from inanimate objects e.g. doorknobs, trolley handlesMythFactSadly, you are wrong.Scarily, this is true! Cold viruses are spread by inhaling an infected person’s sneeze or cough droplets or by direct contact with an infected person’s hands. Did you know that the cold virus can survive on a person’s hands for up to 2 hours and on inanimate objects (e.g. door handles, telephones, railings) for up to 4 days! If you touch infected surfaces and then touch your nose or mouth you can transfer the virus to your airways. 1,2References: 1. Gale Encyclopedia of Alternative Medicine. Common Cold. [online] 2016 [cited 2018 Mar 19]. Available from: URL: https://www.encyclopedia.com/medicine/diseases-and-conditions/pathology/common-cold. 2. Buensalido JAL, Wallace MR. Rhinovirus (RV) Infection (Common Cold). MedScape [online] 2017 Sep 11 [cited 2018 Mar 19]. Available from: URL: https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/227820-overview 8. Drinking a hot toddy can help you feel betterMythFactNo, there is some truth to this.True. Drinking hot fluids can be beneficial to a cold as inhaling the steam from mug helps to thin the mucus in the nose. 1,2 Staying hydrated is also very important to help your body get rid of mucus. 2 However, avoid caffeine and alcohol as they can increase fluid loss in your urine and cause or worsen dehydration. 2References: 1. Pach D Knöchel B, Lüdtke R, Wruck K, Willich SN, Witt CM. Visiting a sauna: does inhaling hot dry air reduce common cold symptoms? A randomised controlled trial. MJA 2010;193(11/12):730-734. 2. Fischetti M. Fact or Fiction? Feed a Cold, Starve a Fever. [online] 2014 Jan 3 [cited 2018 Mar 26]. Available from: URL: https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/fact-or-fiction-feed-a-cold/.